Paten: From the Latin word for pan or plate. It holds the primary Eucharistic hosts that will be consecrated during Mass by the priest.
Ciborium: A larger container which holds the remaining hosts to be consecrated during Mass and distributed to the congregation.
Chalice: From the Latin word calyx, or cup. It holds the wine that will be consecrated during Mass by the priest.
Pall: From the Latin word for “cover.” It keeps foreign objects — like dust or insects — from falling into the chalice or onto the paten and contaminating them.
Purificator: A fine white linen cloth that is used to wipe the lips and fingers of the priest and to cleanse the chalice after Communion.
Missal: A large book that contains all the necessary prayers for the priest to celebrate the Liturgy of the Eucharist. It is sometimes referred to as a “sacramentary.”